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The History and Development of Chiropractic: The Foundation of the Preparation of Chiropractic Doctors
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Elyria, OH

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The History and Development of Chiropractic: The Foundation of the Preparation of Chiropractic Doctors

Chiropractic care has a very long history. Greek and Chinese writings, going back to 2700 B.C. and 1500 B.C., noted spinal adjustments and the treatment of lower extremities to reduce pain of the lower back. Hippocrates, the well-known Greek doctor who lived from 460 to 357 B.C., also mentioned chiropractic treatment. His words were, Get knowledge of the spine, for this is the requisite for many diseases.?

In the later part of 19th century, spinal adjustment (also known as manipulation) picked up steam in the United States. Then in 1895, Daniel David Palmer established the profession of chiropractic in a town in Iowa. Thoroughly knowledgeable in the areas of anatomy and physiology, Mr. Palmer set up the Palmer School of Chiropractic. Even now, the school is still a renowned American college of chiropractic.

In the United States, chiropractic care gained legal recognition across the all fifty states in the 20th Century. The acknowledgment of chiropractic care in the United States has helped it gain increasing support and recognition in the world at large. The contributions of chiropractic professionals and clinical results of worldwide research have had a tremendous impact on the perception of chiropractic care.

The influential report titled Chiropractic in New Zealand (1979) supported collaboration between medical physicians and chiropractic care. A Canadian study called Manga (1983), showed the cost benefits of chiropractic care.

Over the years, chiropractic care has spearheaded the practice of non-invasive care in favor of preventative, science-backed treatment approaches to a wide variety of conditions. A continuing emphasis on research poises chiropractic care to make ongoing contributions to the care of ailments.

The Education of a Chiropractor: Chiropractic schooling consists of four to five years of training and education at an accredited chiropractic institution. These students are required to complete a minimum of 4,200 hours of lab, classroom, and clinical study and practice. The Council of Chiropractic Education also stipulates that students obtain at least 90 hours of undergraduate, science-related coursework. In order to be a doctor of chiropractor, students must take the national board exam, as well as additional exams assigned by the state in which the person intends to practice.

The curriculum of the chiropractic education teaches a thorough study of bodily structure and functioning that covers clinical sciences and health subjects. Training in biochemistry, anatomy, physiology, differential diagnosis, radiology, and therapeutic methods are all required. This allows the chiropractor to diagnose and provide treatment, unlike other non-physician status practitioners.

The Council on Chiropractic Education describes doctors of chiropractic as primary care providers. Regarded as physicians by Medicare and in most states in the U.S., the designation of ?doctor? is appropriate to chiropractic doctors. In its Policies on Public Health, the American Chiropractic Association supports the designation of chiropractic physician to refer to DCs (doctors of chiropractic).

Chiropractic doctors employ a conservative, natural treatment approach, which relies on the body's ability to heal on its own accord. As such, it foregoes the use of medication and reliance on surgeries. By focusing on biomechanics, the spine's structure and function along with their impact on the musculoskeletal and neurological system, chiropractic care emphasizes proper functioning of these systems in the treatment and maintenance of health.

A chiropractic doctor is an advocate for public health and wellness care as well as the role of prevention and conservative treatment approaches. Chiropractors regularly treat a wide scope of conditions of a neuromusculoskeletal nature, such as joint pain, neck pain, and low-back pain. In addition, chiropractic doctors have the necessary training to treat conditions that are not of a neuromusculoskeletal nature, such as digestive disturbances and allergies. Osteoarthritis, tendonitis, sprains and strains (to name a few) are also treated with chiropractic care.

Doctors of chiropractic have had the benefit of time to learn of effective ways to restore and promote health. Furthermore, as a dynamic field of health, chiropractic care is committed to explore and perfect its methods.

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